INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING A CHILD’S ORIENTATION IN THE ENVIRONMENT: SOME REMARKS FROM RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE

TitleINTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING A CHILD’S ORIENTATION IN THE ENVIRONMENT: SOME REMARKS FROM RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsMelnik, E
JournalJournal of Baltic Science Education
Volume5
Issue2
Start Page51-60
Date PublishedOctober/2006
Type of ArticleOriginal article
ISSN1648-3898
Other NumbersICID: 465671
Keywordsinteraction with nature, interdisciplinary approach, science education
Abstract

The article highlights the research of a man’s interaction with the environment. The research is based on literature sources in natural science and humanities. From the pedagogical point of view we prefer considering the orientation of a child, residing in an environment as research of his relations with the entire environment: with the natural, social and modified components. A tool to understanding this kind of a child’s relationship with the environment is an interdisciplinary approach which helps to thoroughly characterize the main tendencies of a person’s interaction with the environment from the different sciences perspective.
Thereby, our vision of the problem of the child’s orientation in the environment does not contradict the main trend of the development of different sciences knowledge about environment, which expect the study of the person’s environment and clarification of his place in this environment. However, the orientation process will be more successful if:

as early as in the primary school the child will understand the term "environment”, as a multi-component system, being an integrity of natural, changed (to different extent) environment and the social one, being in dynamic balance, when past, present and future are determined by conditions, which mankind (the society) is capable or not capable to create in the purpose of saving the civilization, on basis of time-appropriate relations, moral-ethical values, accepted and being used in the society;
the child is to be considered as the subject of the activity and interaction with the environment, being inside the system, possessing psyche and capable to form up his life space, according to his wish;
the child’s orientation is to be viewed as a process, which is directed to transformation of a child’s particular situation relationships with the surrounding reality into a stable value-oriented system;
the result, which determines a general person’s life-line (activity, actions) in his present and future relationships with the environment, is to be directed by viewing the environment as the main value.

URLhttp://oaji.net/articles/2014/987-1404234825.pdf
Refereed DesignationRefereed