SCIENTIFIC-THEORETICAL BASES OF SELECTION OF THE CONTENTS OF TRAINING TO NATURALSCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES IN CONDITIONS OF A COMPUTERIZATION
|Title||SCIENTIFIC-THEORETICAL BASES OF SELECTION OF THE CONTENTS OF TRAINING TO NATURALSCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES IN CONDITIONS OF A COMPUTERIZATION|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2002|
|Journal||Journal of Baltic Science Education|
|Start Page||44 - 54|
|Type of Article||Original article|
|Keywords||computerization, natural science education, teaching content|
In article the problem of the scientifically proved approach to selection of the contents of an educational material in conditions of a computerization of training to naturalscientific disciplines is staticized and the ways of its decision are offered. In work have found reflection results of the rather-comparative analysis of the literature, the specificity of the computer aided training of chemistry, biology and geography at school revealed, the essence and structure of a phenomenon of information-computer culture of the person is determined.
The allocation of ideal model potential of the person, information-computer culture and information-computer activity in quality a determinant of information-computer preparation of the schoolboys that are carried out during their training to naturalscientific disciplines is proved. The system of principle formations of structure of the contents of an educational material is described at the computer aided training to naturalscientific disciplines. The necessity of inclusion in this system of principles of double entry of components, continuity, functional completeness, differentiation and integration is opened. The system of principles of selection of the contents of an educational material is submitted as over-system, which includes system of principles of selection of an invariant nucleus and system of principles of selection of a varying environment of the contents of an educational material. Is proved, that the invariant nucleus of the contents of an educational material should be selected according to principles of scientific character; unities of the substantial and remedial party of training; structural unity; of giving humanitarian and entering fundamental; it is necessary to select conformity of the basic components of the contents to structure of culture of the person, and varying environment of the contents proceeding from principles of integration of the contents of disciplines, introductions of a history and introduction of methodology, socialization, practical importance, optimum combination of an educational material of regional and global character, conformity and necessary sufficiency.