COGNITIVE BASIS AND SEMANTIC STRUCTURE OF PHENOMENOLOGICAL REASONING ON SCIENCE AMONG LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CASE OF INDONESIA

TitleCOGNITIVE BASIS AND SEMANTIC STRUCTURE OF PHENOMENOLOGICAL REASONING ON SCIENCE AMONG LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CASE OF INDONESIA
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPelamonia, J, Corebima, AD
JournalJournal of Baltic Science Education
Volume14
Issue4
Start Page474–486
PaginationContinuous
Date PublishedAugust/2015
Type of ArticleOriginal article
ISSN1648-3898
Other NumbersICID: 1169903
Keywordscognitive basis, cognitive process, knowledge structure
Abstract

A study had been conducted in qualitative design employing phenomenology approach to examine the cognitive basis and the semantic structure of phenomena based reasoning of lower secondary school students in Ambon. The data of the study were collected by using a test. Phenomena stimulus of science was given to the informants in the form of cognitive basis and semantic structure of phenomena based reasoning. This study concluded that (1) the cognitive basis of phenomena based reasoning were orientation, inferential abstraction, and inferential affirmation; (2) students were able to analyze phenomena by using systematic cognitive framework only if they had complete information of the phenomena; (3) inference validity related to the cognitive basis is heavily determined by the phenomena analysis ability; (4) the general semantic structures in phenomena based reasoning were definitional and assertional; (5) the semantic structure complexity was determined too by the phenomena knowledge availability which was analyzed.

URLhttp://journals.indexcopernicus.com/abstract.php?icid=1169903
Refereed DesignationRefereed
Full Text