NATURAL SCIENCE EDUCATION IN LITHUANIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL: SOME RELEVANT ISSUES
|Title||NATURAL SCIENCE EDUCATION IN LITHUANIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL: SOME RELEVANT ISSUES|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Journal||Journal of Baltic Science Education|
|Start Page||44 - 55|
|Type of Article||Original article|
|Keywords||integral teaching, science education, secondary school|
The natural science education is one of the most important areas of general education which includes education of all children` ages. Trying to satisfy requirements of the society and all learners it is necessary to modernize the preparation of natural science teachers. Natural sciences are of great importance in helping students to form conception of world based on the knowledge of modern nature research, emphasizing the character of link between nature and society, as well as between nature and culture. Natural sciences education can be characterised by a variety of content provisions, forms and methods of teaching/learning, and practical activities. All these are expected to make the process more effective to widen intellectual knowledge and skills of students, to provide conditions for students activities, to develop students reasoning skills, to influence their aesthetical outlooks etc.
The aim of the article is to discuss some relevant questions on natural science education in Lithuanian comprehensive school which are of a philosophical – pedagogical character and observes the issues of teachers’ natural science literacy and integral education (teaching).
In conclusion, the following premises summarizing the earlier discussed ideas can be emphasized:
natural science literacy of natural subjects’ teachers working in Lithuanian secondary schools is insufficient;
contradictory statements of scientists - theoretics were revealed when discussing integrated natural science preparation of teachers;
teaching of integrated natural sciences subjects in Lithuanian comprehensive school must be inseparable from national - cultural and economical conditions of the country;
it is important to analyse the aims of integrated training, tasks, matter, methods, the questions of organization of the integrated teaching process etc. and to prepare teachers for general natural science education in comprehensive schools having a pedagogical profile, proposing priority to the methods applied for teaching natural sciences subjects;
it is advisable to raise the qualification of natural subjects teachers in the sphere of natural science providing appropriate courses, workshops etc.