MONODISCIPLINARITY IN SCIENCE VERSUS TRANSDISCIPLINARITY IN STEM EDUCATION

TitleMONODISCIPLINARITY IN SCIENCE VERSUS TRANSDISCIPLINARITY IN STEM EDUCATION
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSlavinec, M, Aberšek, B, Gačević, D, Flogie, A
JournalJournal of Baltic Science Education
Volume18
Issue3
Start Page435-449
PaginationContinuous
Date PublishedJune/2019
Type of ArticleOriginal article
ISSN1648-3898
Other NumbersE-ISSN 2538-7138
Keywordsindustry 4.0, interdisciplinarity, solar chimney, STEM, transdisciplinarity
Abstract

Contemporary society of the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) increasingly requires the education system (i.e., the school) to train competent, creative and proactive professionals who will be able to solve real life problems. If society is to achieve this, some key paradigm changes must occur in education. The school must first prepare a competence-based curriculum and, secondly, school practice should move away from subject-based teaching, towards an interdisciplinary STEM teaching approach. Obviously, to support this, modern learning environments and ICT solutions and tools have to be used. However, since the interdisciplinary STEM approach has already been implemented and integrated, it can be said that a new, integrated science discipline (STEM) has already emerged, together with a transdisciplinary approach to STEM learning and teaching.
In the present research, a concrete case of designing, developing and producing a solar chimney was used to demonstrate an integrated approach to learning and teaching, while emphasizing especially the advantages of such an interdisciplinary (transdisciplinary) approach to teaching Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematic content. The empirical research shows that such an approach produces incomparably better results, especially on higher cognitive levels, in comparison to traditional approaches to learning and teaching.

URLhttp://oaji.net/articles/2019/987-1559372546.pdf
DOI10.33225/jbse/19.18.435
Refereed DesignationRefereed
Full Text