ECOCENTRIC WORLDVIEW PARADIGM: THE RECONSTRUCTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS

TitleECOCENTRIC WORLDVIEW PARADIGM: THE RECONSTRUCTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsHage, R, Rauckienė, A
JournalJournal of Baltic Science Education
Volume3
Issue2
Start Page60-68
Date PublishedMarch/2003
Type of ArticleOriginal article
ISSN1648-3898
Keywordsbiocentric global education, ecocentric values, ecological and environmental education, ecological ecocentric consciousness, ecology crisis, holism, reconstruction
Abstract

The aim of the article is to analyse the kind of knowledge, values and activity changes of the ecological consciousness toward ecocentric ideas, to explain a new ecocentric worldview paradigm which has to be the main view in the modern education philosophy and theory and to motivate the importance of a reconstruction of ecological consciousness in contemporary education. Ecological consciousness is described as “new rationality, real wisdom and knowledge of real human” that means the perception of ecological “me”. It is stated that ecology crisis is the one of thinking where the solution is the normalization of man and nature’s relations and is possible only with the reconstruction of consciousness. The ecology crisis lays the basements of antropocentristic consciousness. If we want to change our relations with nature, we should reconstruct our consciousness. The basis of the ecocentric consciousness is the values of holistic philosophy and humanistic psychology. The methods used are comparative analysis, analytic induction and deduction.
The ecology crisis lays the basements of antropocentristic consciousness. If we want to change our relations with nature, we should reconstruct our consciousness. The basis of the ecocentric consciousness is the value of holistic philosophy and humanistic psychology and the fundamental ecological principles including strength in diversity; continuous movement and fluctuations; energy flows, cycles, and undulations; countless forms of partnership; co-evolution through the processes of creation and mutual adaptation; the tensile dynamic between the assertive and integrative tendencies of any organism, sub-group, or sub-system.
The main goal of education is to formulate new goals, principles, objectives and practice that could reconstruct or educate consciousness to a new level. Holistic education, particularly biocentric global education containing such features as interdisciplinarity and integrated knowledge, individuality and appreciation of a student like a human, the participation of all institutions in the process of education, morality and ecologic methods of learning is a start of the fundamental changes of worldview in science, society and education.

Refereed DesignationRefereed