FOSTERING STUDENTS’ SCIENTIFIC IMAGINATION IN STEM THROUGH AN ENGINEERING DESIGN PROCESS

TitleFOSTERING STUDENTS’ SCIENTIFIC IMAGINATION IN STEM THROUGH AN ENGINEERING DESIGN PROCESS
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSiew, NM
JournalProblems of Education in the 21st Century
Volume75
Issue4
Start Page375-393
PaginationContinuous
Date PublishedAugust/2017
Type of ArticleOriginal article
ISSN1822-7864
Other NumbersE-ISSN 2538-7111
Keywordsengineering design process, scientific imagination, STEM
Abstract

This research was conducted to evaluate the scientific imagination of Grade 10 students from one Malaysian rural secondary school that adopted the integration of the imagination process in an Engineering Design Process (EDPI) through an outreach program in STEM. Three stages of scientific imagination process were evaluated: initiation, dynamic adjustment, and virtual implementation. A total of 50 students aged 16 participated in a 10-hour program, which engaged them in designing and building two different prototypes. Data on students’ scientific imagination were captured through a pre-test and post-test, and teachers’ field notes based on focus group interviews and observations. The results of paired sample t-tests showed significant differences in all three stages of scientific imagination process, except in the brainstorming of the initiation stage. The findings reveal that students required both personal experience and social or environment interactions in order to progress from the initiation stage to the virtual implementation stage. The findings also suggested that the EDPI approach is able to create a supportive environment for fostering scientific imagination among rural secondary school students.

URLhttp://oaji.net/articles/2017/457-1503750916.pdf
Refereed DesignationRefereed
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